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Theme: Parks with a Past

A Brief History of Bay Area Parks and Open Space
   Pt. 1, 1840s-1950s

A Conservation Timeline
   Pt. 1, 1840s-1950s

Up and Down the Peninsula and South Bay

Names on the Land
   Pt. 1, San Mateo County

Other Features

Sudden Oak Death

Oak Mortality Syndrome

Grazing Through Huckleberry Heaven

Old-Fashioned Huckleberry Muffins

Wild Lit

Note from the Literary Editor

Blacksmith Fork and Fox - Megan E. Hansen

Down Harkins Fire Road (El Mar de la Purissima - Greg Dunn


From the Editor

Park News

Trail Center Notes

Upcoming Events

The Trail Companion

Fall 2000

Theme: Parks with a Past

A Conservation Timeline
Part 1, From the 1840s through the 1950s

By Brian Kunde.

1846 American occupation of California.
1849 Gold Rush.
1850 California becomes a state.
1860 Formation of the Spring Valley Water Company.
1864 Jun. 30 Federal government grants Yosemite Valley and the Mariposa Grove to California as Yosemite State Park (incorporated in Yosemite National Park in 1906).
1870 Apr. 4. State legislature sets aside Golden Gate Park as a public park for San Francisco.
1872 Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, established by the Yellowstone National Park Act.
Alum Rock Park in Penitencia Canyon east of San Jose becomes a municipal park by authorization of the state legislature.
1874 First private toll road to the summit of Mount Diablo built.
1876 Leland Stanford and his wife establish their Palo Alto home along San Francisquito Creek.
1885 The Stanford Palo Alto lands are given to the University in the 1885 Grant of Endowment with the stipulation that it never be sold.
1890 Sep. 25 Sequoia National Park established.
Oct. 1 General Grant National Park established (incorporated in Kings Canyon National Park in 1940).
Oct. 1 Yosemite National Park established, surrounding the state park.
1892 Sierra Club founded.
1893 State legislature sets aside beach lands from Pescadero Creek to Bean Hollow Lagoon for public use, including Pebble Beach.
1899 San Jose photographer Andrew P. Hill starts a crusade to save the Big Basin redwoods.
1900 Colonel James B. Armstrong, owner of the 400 acre Armstrong Grove of Redwoods, dies, unable to leave it to the state as he intended.
1902 Big Basin Redwoods State Park established.
1903 President Theodore Roosevelt visits Yosemite with John Muir.
1905 Congressman William Kent and his wife, Elizabeth Thacher Kent, buy the area later known as Muir Woods.
1906 California returns the Yosemite Valley and Mariposa grove to the U.S. for incorporation into the national park.
Oakland's Robinson Plan recommends acquiring Lake Merritt and other areas as parklands, as well as a county park system.
Jun. 8 Federal Antiquities Act.
1907 Jan. 14. Special election in Oakland passes bonds to acquire parcels around Lake Merritt and elsewhere for parks.
Sierra Club resolution to Secretary of the Interior opposes damming of Hetch Hetchy Valley.
1908 Jan. 9 Muir Woods National Monument established.
Jan. 16 Pinnacles National Monument established.
1913 Sierra Club loses the battle to preserve Hetch Hetchy.
1915 Mt. Diablo Auto Toll Road completed.
1916 Aug. 25. National Park Service created in the National Park Service Organic Act.
1917 Armstrong Grove purchased by Sonoma County of the Armstrong Grove for a county park.

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